Climate Modification and Volcanoes

Climate modification is a multi-faceted and complex subject. In this article, we take a look at the relationship between climate modification and volcanoes.

Climate Modification and Volcanoes

The climate modification debate is a nasty one. Parties pick their positions, dig in and refuse to listen to the rants of the other side. Lost in the yelling is the simple fact that climate modification is a natural phenomenon to some extent. For proof, we need merely look at the materials kicked out by volcanoes.

It is an undeniable fact of the earth record that volcanoes have changed the climate during certain periods. Small explosions don’t have much impact, but large explosions send massive amounts of material and gases into the atmosphere. The gases include carbon dioxide, the ultimate bugaboo greenhouse gas. Beyond these gases, however, volcanoes can kick out so much debris and ash that the material in the atmosphere can actually block out the sun or reduce the warming effect.

Mount St. Helens is the most studied and well known recent eruption. Unless you have been meditating in a cave for the last 20 years, you know that the volcano exploded on May 18, 1980. The eruption was powerful enough to flatten everything for 17 miles, immediately turning 10 million trees into so much firewood. The huge volcanic ash cloud stretched halfway across the United States, but barely had an impact on global temperatures.

In contrast, the eruption of the El Chichon volcano in 1982 had a measurable climate impact. El Chichon is located in Mexico and was a much smaller eruption than Mount St. Helens. Still, the average temperature around the globe cooled by one degree. What scientist learned is the climate modification impact of volcanoes is highly dependent on the type of explosion. The materials from Mount St. Helens fell out of the atmosphere quickly, while El Chichon belched enormous amounts of sulfur that remained in the atmosphere for much longer.

One of the problems with climate modification is it occurs over a relatively long period of time. Since we started paying attention to the situation, we have not had a chance to see the impact of a major eruption. The stuff we see on television is really small potatoes compared to historically eruptions of note. For example, Mount St. Helens threw roughly a half a cubic mile of material into the air. In 1815, a volcano in Indonesia belched 24 cubic miles of material into the atmosphere. Obviously, one has to imagine it impacted the climate of the earth.

Is there a relationship between climate modification and volcanoes? Undoubtedly. From what we see, however, the relationship is generally of a short duration and not an explanation for the rising temperatures we are seeing currently.

Rick Chapo is with SolarCompanies.com, a directory of solar energy companies. Visit us to read more articles on solar power and global warming and volcanoes.

Emerging Market Investment Advice Tips

The emerging market describes a broad range of markets from second and third world countries. It encompasses economies such as China and Brazil, together with countries in Africa and Asia. Generally, the term emerging markets represents economies which are as yet not fully developed, and subsequently an investment in an emerging market can often be high risk but has the potential to yield great returns as their economies are still developing.

If you are considering investing in emerging markets, these advice tips are worth considering.
Do not put all your eggs in the one basket: No financial portfolio should be tied up with just one investment, and any investment in the emerging market should not comprise a dominant percentage of a portfolio.

Long term view: The emerging market has been likened to investing in America in the 1920s as over forty years an investor would have gained a substantial return on any investment. In that time he would have seen prices drop through the floor. This is similar to emerging market investment today, so be prepared to take a long term view to good returns.

Advice: Obtaining general advice on the emerging market is essential, especially if you are new to financial investment. Financial advisors, banks, and other institutions seem like good places to gain valuable advice on the surface. More often than not however, the investor who seeks guidance from these places often pays for advice they do not need, as many of the best decisions can and should be handled by the investor.

A few financial investment companies have realised this and take a hands off approach and only step in with general advice if needed. These are the companies to turn to when guidance is needed.
Commissions: It goes without saying that any financial investment company is going to charge commissions, and subsequently it makes sense to look for a company that charges low rates. Some offer 0% commission initially, and this is a good place to start.

Risk vs. Return: Any investment into the emerging market is high risk. The returns however, have the potential to be considerable and subsequently an emerging market investment becomes a viable option. It is possible to invest in a country or into a fund which in turn is managed by a fund manager.

The latter becomes a question of faith and trust in that manager to do the right thing with your money, so the decision to choose a financial investment company with a view to fund management should not be taken lightly.

Currently, China and Brazil are often seen as good choices for emerging market investment.

Ultimately it is important to realise that as an investor you need to be in control of the fund, even if it is supervised by a fund manager. Some financial companies give you that control, and it is worth spending sometime to find a financial investment company like this.

Is Whole Life Insurance Investment a Worthy Investment

A whole life insurance investment is a relatively simple concept. You will be presented with a product that has a set premium and you will be paid the agreed upon amount of the death benefit at the end of the policy holders life. You will also have an investment component included in the policy. All money you contribute over and above the premium will be placed into a cash value account which is then invested on your behalf by the insurer.

Apart from providing you with cash value account and a guaranteed death benefit to leave to your heirs a whole life investment has some other features as well. You have the option to borrow against the cash value your policy or fully withdraw an amount if you have an emergency need for the funds available during the life of the policy.

The theory behind a whole life policy is that it will pay out set death benefit and a cash value to your beneficiaries all while you are guaranteed a set, unchanging premium for the life of the policy. It does more than this, though, when you consider the fact that all the money is tax free and/or tax deferred.

Because of this tax free feature you will have the ability to make a portfolio that can achieve a number of goals that you otherwise may not be able to. You can actually use the whole life policy to secure a smooth succession in the case of a family owned business or to protect your other assets.

You may be met with derision about your interest in a whole life insurance investment by detractors who say that it isnt a real investment because it isnt run like ones stocks, bonds, and mutual funds. While it may not grow that fast, it has the potential to a much safer long term investment since it is done in a safer manner that is designed to ensure your money keeps growing despite market ups and downs.

A whole life insurance investment policy is generally seen as a “savings asset” as opposed to an “investment asset” because your money is saved and grown in a much less aggressive fashion than regular stocks and bonds. With a whole life insurance policy your additional money will be placed into a savings account where it will accrue interest. You dont have to invest the money within this savings account, but you can do so if you wish to. The savings account on its own, though, will become a huge asset over time.

Wide Spread Loan Modification Abuse Avoid Becoming a Victim

With so many people facing foreclosure today, thousands of loan modification companies have emerged offering a financial lifeline. Unfortunately, most demand big upfront fees, are not sufficiently educated in the industry to actually help, and may hurt by wasting valuable time and effort, or many companies (about 75%) are in the business to scam people. As stated by Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan–If you are struggling to make your mortgage payments, or if you are facing foreclosure, stay away from anyone who says that they will save your home for money upfront-.

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Loss Mitigation Specialist C. Thompson Sr (Nationwide Assistance, Clermont, FLA), has determined several tale tale signs of scamming by these companies:

Charges a huge upfront fee- the purpose of the fee is to contact the lender to ask for a loan modification. But, if turned down, only half the fee or none of the fee is returned. In these cases, there should be a money back guarantee.

Will not explain the purpose of the fee- all services should be explained and all questions answered.

Is not interested in your circumstances- may not have your best interest at heart.

Does not stop the foreclosure proceedings during the negotiation.

Will accept the first proposal from the lender, which may not suit your circumstances.

A virtual company-no real office- may not be a real company.

Too good to be true- promises a fantastic interest rate or/and an exact principle reduction amount, without consulting the lender. No promises can be made without negtiating with the lender.

No approval process-An approval process should be the first step in the modification process, before a fee is paid. The process should not include credit qualification, and approval should not be made on the first phone call.

Not a member of the Better Business Bureau.-they are not a leader in the industry.

Fortunately, you can avoid these scams. There are other avenues to pursue if you need assistance with your urgent mortgage problems. Consider a non-profit agency that will assist you without charging a fee, or a real estate licensee and an attorney who will work and allow payment after the work is completed. You can also obtain free advice and consultation for your refinance, loan modification and foreclosure needs through several government agencies:

Hope NOW –

FHA –

California Department of Real Estate –

Making Home Affordable-

The information presented above applies to home refinancing and loan modification abuse. However, if you are seriously looking to improve your finances in general, visit to find out more.

One Sure Way To Find A Reliable Loan Modification,

Eventually you may need to pick a loan modification specialist. This can be very difficult if you don’t know what to do. One way to find a specialist is to do a little investigating, ask a few friends for advice, or consult some professionals who work in this area. Here are some guidelines.

One sure way to find a reliable loan modification specialist or modification firm is to ask people who have used the services of such professionals in the past. Personal recommendations might not give you many names. You may need to explore other avenues of finding help. There are other means of finding a loan modification specialist. Ask your local real estate broker. Due to the very nature of their business, they will know lawyers who have had experience with the procedures involved in foreclosure, financial disasters, and loan modifications.

A simple call to your local state bar association can assist you in finding a lawyer who has experience dealing with situations similar to your own. You might not be comfortable letting your lending institution know how difficult things are for you. However, a talk with the bank manager about your situation may also result in a recommendation.

A foreclosure attorney is another source of finding a loan modification specialist. Due to the nature of their business, these lawyers have dealt with loan modifications while representing their clients. They might be reluctant to offer a name, but you won’t know until you ask.

After you have done the research and found some possible loan modification specialists, narrow your list to three choices. Call the attorney or firm and ask if they would be willing to negotiate a loan modification on your behalf. Don’t jump right in to the process and start giving out personal information right away; take some time to get to know who you are hiring. Even then, never give out your mortgage ID number, driver’s license number, social security number or credit card numbers over the telephone

NJ Bankruptcy Attorneys and Loan Modification Lawyers Help Those in Financial Distress

In these tough economic times, nearly anyone could fall into financial hardship. Regardless of the circumstances surrounding a person’s situation, financial obligations do not let up. Very easily, a person can feel too far behind to ever catch up.

Whether medical problems, extended unemployment, or other unforeseen circumstances are the cause of financial distress, loan modification lawyers can help. Loan modification lawyers can work with creditors to renegotiate the terms of a loan.

While loan modification lawyers in NJ may work in the same practice as bankruptcy attorneys, but generally have a different emphasis. Normally, loan modification lawyers seek to prevent bankruptcy or foreclosure.

Loan modification lawyers know that creditors, especially the holder of a home mortgage, want to avoid the bankruptcy and foreclosure process. If a NJ bank has to foreclose on a property and work with bankruptcy lawyers, they will lose a lot of money.

NJ bankruptcy lawyers and NJ bankruptcy attorneys know that the foreclosure process itself is very expensive, so most banks would like to avoid it if at all possible. Loan modification lawyers help take advantage of this fact to negotiate loan conditions that allow the client to meet payments.

Loan modification lawyers can help a client ask for smaller payments spread over a longer time, or for a lower interest rate. Taking this step can keep a client and family in their home, and can be a responsible step to take at the earlier stages of financial distress.

NJ bankruptcy attorneys can help clients if loan modification offers are rejected or were not sufficient to alleviate financial distress. If a person simply cannot meet his or her financial obligations, NJ bankruptcy attorneys can serve as guides through the bankruptcy process.

Like the loan modification experts, NJ bankruptcy attorneys can work to keep families in their homes. NJ bankruptcy lawyers, however, must work within the court system to meet this goal. Once in court, a judge must approve the NJ bankruptcy lawyer’s plan to pay debtors.

NJ bankruptcy lawyers can ask for different arrangements, depending on circumstances. They can request that payments be adjusted, or that debt be absolved with the sale of the property.

Unfortunately, without NJ bankruptcy attorneys or NJ bankruptcy lawyers, the process can be very complicated. NJ bankruptcy lawyers specialize in this legal area, and can simplify and explain all options and proceedings. Clients also appreciate NJ bankruptcy attorneys’ assistance with completing and submitting paperwork.

About Us:

At the Law Offices of Kasuri & Levy, LLC, we have over 45 years of experience. Our loan modification lawyers have an outstanding reputation, and are known for handling complex matters with a comforting and personalized touch. We focus on providing quality service to each client, rather than handling client matters with quantity in mind. Learn more at www.kasuriandlevy.com.

Property Investment Vs Property Speculation

Most people get Real Estate wrong for two simple reasons.:

1. They don’t understand the difference between an asset and a liability
2. They don’t understand the difference between investing and speculating

The broke majority live under the misguided belief that their family home is an asset. An asset by definition is Something valuable that an entity owns, benefits from or has use of, in generating income. The key is the words generating income. By that definition your home is not an asset, it is a liability. It does not generate income, it costs you money.

The broke majority will borrow as much as they possibly can, to buy the most expensive home they can afford, in the mistaken belief that this is a good investment. In fact they are are burdening themselves with the worst kind of debt. Long term, expensive, non-deductible debt that produces no income in return. The same kind of debt that lead to the housing collapse in the USA.

Successful investors understand this crucial point. Your home is not an investment.

The Business Dictionary defines an investment as Money committed or property acquired for future income. Now some will argue that an investment doesn’t have to produce an income and cite as an example gold bullion, collectibles or share futures contracts. By definition, none of these are investments, they are items of speculation. They can go up in value or, just as easily, go down. You are speculating on the future trade-able value, not investing in the inherent value of the income an asset represents. Tens of thousands of homeowners around the world discovered in 2009 that home values can fall and can fall dramatically and disastrously.

If you buy a house to live in with no income return expected from it, but in the hope it will increase in value, you are speculating not Investing.

If you buy a house to rent out, you are investing. The Australian government has long recognised the difference and that is why they allow you to claim the expenses relating to a rental property, including interest payments, as a tax deduction but do not allow any deductions for expenses incurred in buying a house to live in. In other words, the government is willing to share the risk of investing in income generating real estate because the risks are lower than tying up your money in your home.

Smart investors have a small or no mortgage on their own home and the majority of their borrowings are for rental property because that is the lowest risk strategy. They also get the best advice they can on quickly reducing the mortgage on their home.

What Is The True Meaning Of Finance

The definition of finance is the provision of funds or loan supplied to an individual or company. Often this term is used for the study of economics and how money is controlled. It can be also defined as the management of funds and capital required by a business and private activities. Management of finance has also developed into a specialized branch within the financial sector and is carried out by finance managers.

Managing this involves dealing with the optimization and allocation of funds to various areas either by borrowing or by using those available from internal resources. The word Optimizing may sound strange but it refers to taking measures that minimize the cost of financing while simultaneously attempting to maximize the profits out of the employed finance. Bad debts are poor finance management where rules have not been followed; the result of this is depressed markets, low production and a cash crisis. It is for this very reason that finance managers are very careful with finance they agree too and where it is funded from.

It is not uncommon to hear finance managers referred to as bean counters as they are looking at immediate returns and initial costs against the potential at a later stage. Finance managers are the pessimists whereas sales managers are the optimists who look to the future and not to the past! Often though, problems occur with small businesses who fail to see the distinction between a business loan and a personal one. Most lenders will cancel the loan if they feel they have been deceived this way because they are unsure what the money is to be invested in.

Hopefully by educating the small (and large) business owners of their fiscal responsibilities they may build the basis of an improved company in the future. Small businesses can be very flexible, however, and call upon friends, other businesses, family members, even their own bank for finance.

Finance managers can help improve their company’s profits by using external sources which also lessens the risk on them at the same time. The famous comedian Bob Hope best summed up the subject when he once said; a bank is a place that will lend you money but only if you can prove that you don’t need it.

Financial Content Development Services

When it comes to publicizing a business on the internet, content development acts as the key to success as content rich websites draw the attention of target audience. Commercial websites have different types of content depending on the products and services they have to offer. Financial content is one such type.
As a business owner, if you need any kind of financial content for your website, it would be advisable for you to take the help of an expert. Since:

He/she is well versed with financial terms; they will be able to avoid the use of jargon so that common people will also be able to understand what they view.
This expert will adopt certain financial content development techniques that will help your website with SEO and social media marketing as well.
Here are a few financial content development services that an expert can assist with:
Content for portals
It is found that many businesses utilize portals to communicate information to target audience. So, equity and sector research along with detailed information about a companys operations with relevant data and analyses will be provided by the expert.
Blogs
The world of internet is awash with blogs. From a survey, it was found that 47.1% of bloggers were influenced after they read about a product or a service in a blog. This expert will research, analyze and formulate content. He/she will also update blogs on a regular basis with fresh content to ensure that visitors return to the site on a regular basis.
eBooks
The experts create eBooks based on the research that they do. These eBooks usually contain new financial ideas, information, and analysis presented through interactive text and rich graphics.
Newsletters
They also publish newsletters with valuable financial information like recent financial news, updates from the money market, and events and analyses in order to reach the target audience.
Research
The expert also provides research services on custom markets, investments, analytics, emerging markets, finance and businesses.
Analysis and valuation
They also provide an insight into a companys operations, based on information gathered from the companys website; like sales, valuation, mortgages and loans and trading movements.
Now that you are aware of the services that an expert can offer you, it would be easier for you to do a need analysis of your website. Once you have analyzed your needs you should get started on your search for an expert. You can also log on to the website of Pi Media Services that has a team of trained experts to help you with a number of financial content development services after analyzing your needs.

Financial Infidelity What Is It

Although many are not familiar with the term financial infidelity, it has increasingly become a problem in many households across America. So what exactly is financial infidelity? Financial Infidelity occurs when one person in a committed relationship spends or hides money without disclosing it to their partner.

Like sexual infidelity, financial infidelity can destroy one’s marriage. Money problems are known to be one of the leading contributors to divorce. Financial infidelity happens to be at the top of the list of money problems that lead to divorce. Shockingly, Jennifer Brand, a family law specialist in Philadelphia, stated -I see more cases of divorce caused by financial infidelity than I do from sexual infidelity.-

So how many people out there are actually lying to their spouses about money? The numbers are surprisingly high. In a recent survey conducted by Harris Interactive, the following results were revealed:

Approximately 1 out of 3 people admit to lying to their partners about finances
One in Four people state that their partners have withheld financial information
Three out of Four people surveyed stated that they fight at least occasionally about money
One in Four adults believe that financial infidelity is worse than sexual infidelity
96% of the group surveyed reported that it is both partners’ responsibility to be completely honest about financial issues.

The results indicate that financial infidelity is a serious problem. As one can imagine, any form of dishonesty in a relationship can lead to serious trust issues. Those trust issues can ultimately break down the emotional connection needed to make a relationship last. The reality is that the effects of financial infidelity on a relationship are no different and oftentimes worse than sexual infidelity. If you are having a problem with being completely honest around your finances with your partner or are having problems getting over financial infidelity in your relationship, you should consider working with a financial therapist.

Nikiya Spence is a licensed psychotherapist, certified money coach, and speaker. Nikiya specializes in helping individuals and couples transform their relationship with money. Visit her website at www.solutionsoflife.com or call 770-638-7145 for a free 30-minute no obligation consultation.